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List Of Common Ethnobotanicals

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Below is a list of some of the common ethnobotanicals, along with their uses. This list is rapidly updating, so check back often!

*The (T) next to some of the Latin Names of the various ethnobotanicals indicate that the plant has been shown to display toxicity to humans (for example, the various species of Anadenathera will often induce emesis). Many of the plants in this category will only show toxic symptoms if used in excess, or over prolonged periods of time. These plants will have an (E/P) next to the (T). Please note however, that many individuals are sensitive to certain entheogens, and it is therefore imperative that further research (be it on this wiki, or on another website) be done on any plant before use. Plants with a (HT) beside their name indicate a high toxicity for more-or-less all individuals (e.g. the species belonging to the genus of Datura), and should thus never be used without the proper supervision, and treatment for a toxic reaction at hand.

**Names highlighted in red are known to be scheduled in the United States (as a whole). Please check with you local/state/country laws if you intend to do any further research on these plants (or any plant listed) however, as many states have their own laws on ethnobotanicals.


Table Of Ethnobotanicals
LATIN NAME COMMON NAME Stimulant Hallucinogen Sedative Deleriant Aphrodisiac Analgesic Dreaming MAOI Inhibitor Other
Acorus calamus (T)(E/P) Sweet Flag X X
Alchornea castaneifolia Iporuru X
Amanita muscaria (T) Fly Agaric Mushroom X X
Anadenanthera peregrina (T) Yopo X
Anadenathera colubria (T) Cebil X
Annona muricata Soursop X
Areca catechu Betel Nut X
Argemone mexicana (T) Prickly Poppy X
Argyreia nervosa (T) Hawaiian Baby Woodrose X X
Arisaema dracontium Dragon Root X
Artemisia absinthium (T)(E/P) Wormwood X
Arundo donax (T) Giant Reed X
Atropa belladonna (HT) Belladonna X X
Banisteriopsis caapi (T) Ayahuasca Vine X X
Boerhavia diffusa Red Spiderling X
Boerhavia hirsuta Erva Tostão X
Brugmansia arborea (HT) Tree Datura X X
Brugmansia candida (HT) Angel's Trumpet X X
Brugmansia sanguinea (HT) Red Angel's Trumpet X X
Calea zacatechichi Dream Herb X
Catha edulis (T)(E/P) Khat X
Clausena excavata Clausnea X
Corynanthe yohimbe (t) Yohimbe X
Cypripedium parviflorum Yellow Lady's Slipper X X
Cytisus scoparius (T) Scotch Broom X X
Dactylorhiza hatagirea Salep Orchid X
Dalbergia sissoo Indian Rosewood X
Datura ferox (HT) Long-Spined Datura X X
Datura inoxia (HT) Hindu Datura X X X
Datura metel (HT) Downy Thornapple X X X
Datura stramonium (HT) Jimsonweed X X
Datura wrightii (HT) Devil's Trumpet X X
Delosperma cooperi Ice Plant X
Desmanthus illinoensis Illinois Bundle Flower X
Desmodium adscendens Amor Seco X
Desmodium caudatum Misonaoshi X
Desmodium gangeticum Tick Trefoil X
Desmodium gyrans Telegraph Plant X
Desmodium pulchellum Pai Qian Cao X
Desmodium racemosum Chinese Desmodium X
Desmodium triflorum Three-Flower Tick Trefoil X
Digitalis purpurea (HT) Foxglove X X
Echinocystis lobata Wild Cucumber X X
Echinopsis pachanoi (T) San Pedro Cactus X
Echinopsis peruviana (T) Peruvian Torch Cactus X
Echinopsis terscheckii (T) Argentine Saguaro X
Eschscholzia californica California Poppy X X
Erythroxylum coca (T)(E/P) Bolivian Coca X X
Erythroxylum novogranatense (T)(E/P) Java Coca X X
Erythroxylum truxillense (T)(E/P) Truxillo Coca X X
Erythroxylum vacciniifolium Catuaba X
Galbulimima belgraveana White Magnolia X X X
Genista canariensis (T) Genista X X
Heimia salicifolia Sinicuichi X
Ilex paraguariensis Yerba Mate X
Ilex vomitoria Yaupon Holly X
Ipomoea tricolor (T) Morning Glory X
Lactuca virosa Wild Lettuce X X
Lantana camara (T) Spanish Flag X X
Leonotis leonurus (T)(E/P) Lion's Tail X
Leonurus siberiaca (T)(E/P) Marihuanilla X
Lobelia inflata (T) Indian Tobacco X
Lophophora diffusa (T) Smooth Peyote X X
Lophophora williamsii (T) Peyote X X
Mansoa alliacea Ajos Sacha X
Mentha longiflora Horse Mint X
Mimosa hostilis Jurema X
Mitragyna speciosa Kratom X
Myristica fragrans (T)(E/P) Nutmeg X
Nepeta cataria Catnip
Nicotiana alata (HT) Aztec Tobacco X X X
Nicotiana attenuata (HT) Coyote Tobacco X X
Nicotiana bigelovii (HT) Indian Tobacco X X X
Nicotiana rustica (HT) Shamanic Tobacco X X X
Nicotiana tabacum (HT) Tobacco X X
Papaver rhoeas Corn Poppy X
Papaver somniferum (T)(E/P) Opium Poppy X
Passiflora caerulea (T)(E/P) Blue Passionflower X X
Passiflora incarnata Common Passionflower X X
Pedicularis bracteosa Cobrahead X X
Pedicularis canadensis Wood Betony X X
Pedicularis groenlandica Elephant's Head X X
Peganum harmala (T)(E/P) Syrian Rue X X
Phalaris aquatica Canary Reed Grass X
Phalaris arundinacea Harding Grass X
Phalaris canariensis Canary Grass X
Piper methysticum (T)(E/P) Kava-Kava X
Prunus serotina (T) Black Cherry X X
Psilocybe cubensis Magic Mushrooms X
Psilocybe mexicana Philosopher's Stones X
Quassia amara Bitterwood X
Psychotria virdis Chacruna X
Salvia divinorum Diviner's Sage X
Sceletium tortuosum Kanna X X
Scirpus validus Great Bulrush X
Scutellaria lateriflora Blue Skullcap, Mad-Dog Skullcap X
Scutellaria nana Dwarf Skullcap X
Tabernathe iboga (T) Iboga X
Tribulus terrestris (T)(E/P) Puncture Vine X X
Vanda roxburghii Vanda Orchid X X
Virola callophyla (T) Epena X
Voacanga africana Voacanga X X X

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